Slurs are lines extending over note groupings to indicate that they are to be played under a single bow direction. These are identical to phrase markings, but short slurred groupings are interpreted as bow direction. The downbow or upbow symbol is placed over the beginning of the slur.
The tempo, dynamic levels, and character of the music dictate the types of bowing possible.
In all these bowing styles, the bow stays in constant contact with the string:
FIGURE 2.6 Example of loure bowing
5. Slurred staccato: Hooked bowing; similar to loure with shorter note values.
Fast passages played staccato will usually be played off the string. In all of these bowing styles, the bow leaves the string:
FIGURE 2.8 Staccato volante (upbow spiccato) and saltando (downbow spiccato)